What is happening at the European Union’s borders is not coming out of the blue. The high number of migrants trying to reach EU member states is not only due to a mix of driving factors, but it should be seen in a global perspective. Violence in countries of origin is one of the pushing factors, but it should be included in a broader framework of global threats.
Migrants in the Mediterranean: Institutions, Actors, Processes
This report focuses on migration across the Mediterranean by taking into account institutions, actors, political and social processes which are connected to it. It is made up of four chapters that aim at shedding light on the evolution of the EU migration policy, on the so-called Minniti-Orlando Decree Law and the ways it impacts on the Italian legal framework on migration. As the central Mediterranean route – running primarily from Libya to Italy – has received a lot of attention, a chapter covers the events occurring across that route, including SAR operations and the main actors involved. The last part provides an overview of the projects a Civil Society Organization carries out for migrants who live in Catania, Italy. The content of this report has been written down between July 2017 and October 2017, at the end of a period in which the number of arrivals in Italy suddenly dropped. The reasons behind this drop are manifold. The contested Italy-Libya Memorandum of Understanding signed in February 2017 is likely to have played a key role.
In a nutshell, the report suggests the need to address the inter-connected phenomena concerning migrants and migration, by taking structural measures in the long-run. This entails the development of a comprehensive framework which would involve more actors, and would address the root causes of the migration flows, while safeguarding high standard international protection procedures and human rights. The reader will be given an overview of the current state of affairs, as well as the tools to understand the main challenges ahead.
Paperback: 96 pages
Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (23 Nov. 2017)
Product Dimensions: 15.6 x 0.6 x 23.4 cm
The evolution of the EU migration policy: coping with the surge in migration pressure p.13
A view on the general context p.15
The EU-Turkey Agreement p.24
Future scenarios. p.27
A critical look at the Italian migration policy: is the Minniti-Orlando Decree a way of reducing paperwork by opening up new gaps in the System? p.35
The Minniti-Orlando Decree. p.38
Short-sighted policies for long term issues. p.45
Migrant Crisis across the Central Mediterranean: SAR operations, main actors at sea and the Humanitarian Corridors initiative. p.59
SAR community along the Central Mediterranean. p.62
Humanitarian Corridors: private alternatives to the dangers at sea p.68
Civil Society Organizations’ Projects on Migration: What is Waldesian Diaconia? p.79
The Challenges of Waldesian Diaconia in dealing with migration p.79
Working the Italian Policy Framework. p.84
About the Authors p.89
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